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Academic research works are written after carrying out profound research and analysis of the results. If you use outdated tools and methods, you will need to spend hours studying relevant and less appropriate literature, sorting it, and also writing and rewriting work. Otherwise, you can optimize the process and spend much less effort. The following tips will help you improve your results. Clearly formulate the research topic. Yogi Berra, a famous baseball player, once said: “If you do not know where you are going, you will end up in the wrong place.” This statement has much in common with the research process. If you do not know what exactly you are looking for, in the end you can spend time learning interesting, but irrelevant facts. Try to formulate a clear question of your research from the very beginning. Choose an extensive topic, make a quick preliminary study before you formulate a specific question.

A good research question should be: clear, important, amenable to scientific research. Use academic search engines if you want to conduct research online. The following search engines will save you a lot of time: iSEEK Education, RefSeek, INFOMINE, Microsoft Academic Search, etc.

Make the introduction convincing. Grab the attention of the reader with interesting statistics, shocking facts or quotes of famous people. Try to get to the hearts of your readers by playing with your fears or selfishness.

Plan the number of words. The general rule is that to spend up to 10 percent of the total number of words on the introduction and conclusion. So, if you know the recommended number of words, you can make appropriate decisions regarding the number of words that will be included in other sections.

Consider the goals of the sections. The conclusion should be brief; this is a summary of your research work. It should be written after the completion of your project.

In conclusion, only the results are given (without any remarks on them).

The conclusion summarizes the main points and is a mirror of your introduction. Do not forget to emphasize the value of your research work, and also to mention the directions of further research.

Make a review of the literature. Collecting sources and just a couple of words about each of them is a wrong technique. Before writing your review of the literature, divide your sources into groups, in accordance with the provisions of the authors. Correctly cite your resources. Referring to sources, it is not necessary to use the style guide, since this is an obsolete method, instead, consider using free online citation generators. “Write drunk, edit sober.” This quote is erroneously attributed to Hemingway, but there is no official evidence that he ever said or wrote it. However, it makes a lot of sense. Put off your work for a while, and then go back to it later, with a fresh head and eliminate all typos, grammatical and stylistic errors.

Research paper: how do not use obsolete methods and make it easy to write